عنوان مقاله [English]
One of the beneficial usages of the plants is their therapeutic quality. However, although most drugs supply in the world are synthetic in nature, but great majority of them originate from natural plants, with some not yet synthesized. Therefore, the efforts for screening of the plants to find new or replace the existing drugs, have continued. An important and considerable point in the screening is recognition of the victim plants for exploiting the interested metabolite. The objective of this study is to survey which metabolite in which plant can be synthesized.The study started by searching in google scholar, pub med, science direct and literature review in related books and journals. The results dealt with the introduction of typical plant families, genera and species supplying natural products such as alkaloids, tannins, resins, gums and latex among plant taxons that are used in pharmaceutical industry. In addition, it investigated the relationship between these products and the plant taxons. In concluded that with some exceptions, product varieties are found only in special plants. For example, alkaloids can be found in apocynaceae, ranunculaceae, solanaceae and papaveraceae; whereas, tannins are found in aceraceae, anacardiaceae and actinidiaceae.
Alwala, J.O., Kiema, F.N., Wanzala, W., 2014. Determination of Tannin Concentrations in African Indigenous Vegetables, Grains and Cassava Roots from Emuhaya District, Western Kenya. American Journal of Nutrition and Food Science, 1(1): 1-8.
Asakawa, Y., Ludwiczuk, A., Nagashima, F., 2013. Phytochemical and biological studies of bryophytes. Phytochemistry, 91: 52–80.
Balunas, M.J. and Kinghorn, A.D., 2005. Drug discovery from medicinal plants. Life sciences, 78(5): 431-441.
Barbehenn, R.V., and Constabel, CP., 2011. Tannins in plant–herbivore interactions. Phytochemistry, 72(13): 1551-1565.
Berhow, M.A., Kong, S.B., Vermillion, K.E., Duval, S.M., 2006. Complete quantification of group A and group B soyasaponins in soybeans. Journal of Agriculture and Food Chemistry, 54: 2035-2044.
Brock, A., Herzfeld, T., Paschke, R., Koch, M. and Dräger, B., 2006. Brassicaceae contain nortropane alkaloids. Phytochemistry, 67(18): 2050-2057.
Burow, M., Bergner, A., Gershenzon, J., Wittstock, U., 2007. Glucosinolate hydrolysis in Lepidium sativum--identification of the thiocyanate-forming protein. Plant molecular biology, 63 (1): 49–61.
Dauer, A., Hensel, A., Lhoste, E., Knasmüller, S. and Mersch-Sundermann, V., 2003. Genotoxic and antigenotoxic effects of catechin and tannins from the bark of Hamamelis virginiana L. in metabolically competent, human hepatoma cells (Hep G2) using single cell gel electrophoresis. Phytochemistry, 63(2): 199-207.
De Geyter, E., Lambert, E., Geelen, D., and Smagghe, G., 2007. Novel advances with plant saponins as natural insecticides to control pest insects. Pest Technology, 1(2): 96-105.
Fiore, C., Eisenhut, M., Ragazzi, E., Zanchin, G., and Armanini, D., 2005. A history of the therapeutic use of liquorice in Europe. Journal of ethnopharmacology, 99(3): 317-324.
Griffin, W.J. and Lin, G.D., 2000. Chemotaxonomy and geographical distribution of tropane alkaloids. Phytochemistry, 53(6): 623–637.
Langenheim, J.H., 2003. Plant resins (pp. 334-335). Oregon, etc.: Timber Press.
Lewis, G., Schrire, B., MacKinder, B. and Lock, M. 2005. Legumes of the World. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew: Richmond, England.
Mazid, M., Khanb, T.A., Mohammad, F., 2012. Medicinal Plants of Rural India: A Review of Use by Indian Folks. Indo Global Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, 2(3): 286-304
McMahon, L.R., McAllister, T.A., Berg, B.P., Majak, W., Acharya, S.N., Popp, J.D., Coulman, B.E., Wang, Y., Cheng, K.J. 2000. A review of the effects of forage condensed tannins on ruminal fermentation and bloat in grazing cattle. Canadian Journal of Plant Science, 80: 469–485.
Mirhosseini, H., and Amid, B.T., 2012. A review study on chemical composition and molecular structure of newly plant gum exudates and seed gums. Food Research International, 46(1): 387-398.
Mirjalili, S.A. 2013a. Recognition of medicinal and aromatic plants (1). Publication of Agriculture Jahad Institiute of Technical and Vocationa Higher Education. Tehran, Iran. PP. 222(in Persian)
Mirjalili, S.A., 2013b. Recognition of medicinal and aromatic plants (2). Publication of Agriculture Jahad Institiute of Technical and Vocationa Higher Education. Tehran, Iran. PP. 277(in Persian)
Mirjalili, S.A., 2015a. A review on the biotechnological methods for producing of anticancer Vinblastin in Catharanthus roseus. Proceedings of 3th international symposium in biology and Ecology. 22 August 2015. Tehran, Iran.(in Persian)
Mirjalili, S.A., 2015b. A review on the extraction methods and purification of Indole alkaloids in Catharanthus roseus. Proceedings of 3th international symposium in biology and Ecology. 22 August 2015. Tehran, Iran.(in Persian)
Mozaffarian, V., 2013. Study of medicinal plant status in Iran. Special Issue on 2th festival and Exhibition of Medicinal plants, Natural products and Traditional medical in Iran. Pp: 32-35.(in Persian)
Podolak, I., Galanty, A., and Sobolewska, D., 2010. Saponins as cytotoxic agents: a review. Phytochemistry Reviews, 9(3): 425-474.
Poth, A.G., Colgrave, M.L., Philip, R., Kerenga, B., Daly, N.L., Anderson, M.A., and Craik, D.J., 2011. Discovery of cyclotides in the Fabaceae plant family provides new insights into the cyclization, evolution, and distribution of circular proteins. ACS chemical biology, 6(4): 345-355.
Raffauf, R.F., 1996. Plant Alkaloids: A Guide to Their Discovery and Distribution. Hawkworth Press, Inc., New York.
Richter, H.G., and Dallwitz, M.J., onwards. 2009. Commercial timbers: descriptions, illustrations, identification, and information retrieval. In English, French, German, Portuguese, and Spanish. 2000. Version: 25th June 2009. http://delta-intkey.com
Şener, B., Orhan, I., and Satayavivad, J., 2003. Antimalarial activity screening of some alkaloids and the plant extracts from Amaryllidaceae. Phytotherapy Research, 17(10): 1220-1223.
Serrano, J., Puupponen, P.R., Dauer, A., Aura, A.M. and Saura‐Calixto, F., 2009. Tannins: current knowledge of food sources, intake, bioavailability and biological effects. Molecular nutrition & food research, 53(S2): S310-S329.
Singab, A.N. and Bahgat, D., 2015. Saponins from Genus Albizia: Phytochemical and Biological Review. Medicinal & Aromatic Plants, S, 3:.2167-0412.
Soejarto, D.D., Gyllenhaal, C., Riley, M.C., Zhang, H., 2012. Ethnobotany and Natural products. In: Photochemistry and Pharmacognosy. Encyclopedia of life support systems (EOLESS), UNESCO. Available at: http://www.eolss.net/eolss-sampleAIIChapter.aspx.
Srinivasan, K., 2006. Fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum): A review of health beneficial physiological effects. Food Reviews International, 22: 203–224.
Strack, D., Vogt, T., Schliemann, W., 2003. Recent advances in betalain research. Phytochemistry, 62 (3): 247–69.
Suchomelová, J., Bochořáková, H., Paulová, H., Musil, P., and Táborská, E., 2007. HPLC quantification of seven quaternary benzo [c] phenanthridine alkaloids in six species of the family Papaveraceae. Journal of pharmaceutical and biomedical analysis, 44(1): 283-287.
Upadhyay, R.K., 2015. Antimicrobial Activity of Fruit Latexes from Ten Laticiferous Plants. American Journal of Plant Sciences, 6: 483-499.
Vincken, J.P., Heng, L., De Groot A., and Gruppen H., 2007. Saponins, classification and occurrence in the plant kingdom. Phytochemistry 68: 275–297.
Wink, M., 2003. Evolution of secondary metabolites from an ecological and molecular phylogenetic perspective. Phytochemistry, 64: 3–19.